Canoa de Tolda is a Cultural heritage. It is a 16 meter double mast gaff rigged planked canoe with sideboards such as Dutch boats. The name “tolda” comes from the small cabin located near the bow, used as shelter for the crew and their belongings.
It was intensively used to transport goods and people in the São Francisco River in the Northeast of Brazil. Its origin is said to be from Dutch invasions in the XVIII century. Until the 1950s they still carried food, fuel and various materials, such as bricks. However, with the opening of highways and the lower draft of the river, they ended up losing economic importance and disappeared.
There are only three examples of Canoa de Tolda whch were registered as cultutal heritage, but possibly more are found in the region.
- The Luzitânia, which is in the municipality of Brejo Novo, in the state of Sergipe, was registered in 2008.
3. The Piranhas, lying on the river bank of the city named Piranhas, in the state of Alagoas, but seems to be abandoned according to the news – see video
Text is addapted and translated from the Sociedade Sócio-Ambiental do Baixo São Francisco – Canoa de Tolda and other websites.