Canoa Caiçara, Canoa de Borda Lisa or Canoa-de-um-pau-só (dugout canoe), also called Ubá, Obá, Canoa de Casa, Casco, Igara, Canoa Indígena in some regions of Brazil.
Built with a single tree log about 3 to 12 meters long usually from Guapuruvu trees but nowadays only naturally fallen trees can be used legally. The construction starts from cleaning branches and bush and eventually pulling the tree out from the forest and taken to where the canoe can be built, but sometimes the carving of the log is done in the forest. Traditional tools as small hand axes (enxó) are used.
Canoa Caiçara refers to the canoe used by the Caiçara – fishermen who are native to the region of Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Paraná states. The struggle to survive from fishing activities and the possibility to selectively cut trees for the construction of their canoes. Visit the cultural project blog CANOA CAIÇARA in Ubatuba. Photos credit to Canoa Caiçara. Text from Msc. Environmental Science Mr. Peter Santos Németh.
Canoa de Borda Lisa is the name used in the south of Brazil, mainly in the states of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul – basically the same canoe as the Canoa Caiçara.