Canoa Caiçara, Canoa-de-um-pau-só, Canoa de Borda Lisa is a dugout canoe used for river, lagoon and coastal fishing built with a single tree log about 3 to 12 meters long and found all along the southeast and south coast of Brazil. It can also be called “Ubá” from the Tupi language or even “Obá” from the Carijós indigenous people.
Usually built from Guapuruvu trees but today only naturally fallen trees can be used today. The construction starts from cleaning branches and bush and pulling the tree out from the forest and taken to where the canoe will be built. Sometimes the carving of the log is done locally. Traditional tools as small hand axes are used.
See the blog Úúúú about the native culture.
and the video showing the construction of the Canoa-de-um-pau-só in São José, south Brazil.