Brazil – 16th, 17th & 18th centuries

tratado descritivo brasilTratado Descritivo do Brasil em 1581 – Gabriel Soares was born in Portugal around 1540, and thirty years after was in Brazil and settled in Bahia.  He goes to Madrid in search of support from Christopher Moura, one important politician of the Spanish Court. He writes the Treaty  to obtain funds and the rights to exploit mines near the Rio San Francisco river in Northeast Brazil. He achieved the charter party on an expedition with 360 men and four Carmelite priests in 1591. Unfortunately Gabriel passes away in the Bahia forest in search of the dreamed metals. The book is a copy of the Treaty, almost encyclopedic, with impressive information about the flora, fauna, climate, economy and population of Brazil in the 16th century.

 

capitaes-do-brasil1Capitães do Brasil – A Saga dos Primeiros Colonizadores – Eduardo Bueno covers the historical period between 1530 and 1550, approximately, when the royal crown of Portugal decided to “officially” colonize Brazil which, until then, was a piece of semi-abandoned land where the ships came fetch wood, furs and other items that were subsequently marketed.

 

novo descobrimento rio amazonasNovo Descobrimento do Rio Amazonas – the book reports the story of the jesuits priest Cristobal de Acuna and Andres de Artieda with Captain Pedro Teixeira to the Amazon River, a quite compelling narrative about the indigenous nations, regions and their richness.

 

Image (1) ilha-de-santa-catarina.jpg for post 8961Ilha de Santa Catarina – Relato de Viajantes Estrangeiros – Texts from several foreign sailing captains in official visits who visited the island of Santa Catarina during the 18th and 19th centuries. Through the reports you can get a fairly accurate picture of the lifestyle of the inhabitants of the island and daily life of the fortifications of Santa Catarina.

 

 

magalhãesFernão De Magalhães, o homem e sua façanha is the story of the man who conceived the last great adventure of the heroic age of navigation. Magalhães reached the Philippines in March 1521 after almost 2 years, proving that the Earth was round, but knew no glory: he died on April 27 in combat.

 

 

451713_865A Saga de Aleixo Garcia by Rosana Bond – Aleixo Garcia participated in the Spanish expedition of Juan Díaz de Solís to the Pacific (1515-1516), which failed due to the death of Juan Diaz and the crew on the River Plate, Argentina today. In return, they had landed on the coast of present state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, where they learned of the existence of “great richness” in the interior of the continent. A few years later, Aleixo Garcia organized on his behalf a new expedition, which was part of a large number of Carijó and other Guarani indians, about 2000 men, and set out to conquer the Inca Empire, following the ancient indigenous pathnamed Peabiru. Between 1521 and 1525, they travelled along the Paraguay River until reaching the eastern limits of Tawantinsuyu, passing through the region of Cochabamba in Bolivia today is the current and across the northern Chaco.

 

Vviagem-ao-brasiliagem ao Brasil by Hans Staden – A German mercenary adventurer of the sixteenth century. Twice in mid-sixteenth century, Staden was in Brazil, where he had the opportunity to participate in fighting in Pernambuco and São Vicente against the French and their Tupinanbá indian allies in the region of  Ilha Grande and Ubatuba.

 

 

61hfyodl-0l-_sl500_aa300_O Descobrimento das Índias – o Diário da Viagem de Vasco da Gama, by Eduardo Bueno – Vasco da Gama is the protagonist of one of the largest nautical adventures of mankind. Alvaro Velho reports every step of the expedition which materialized the dream fueled since 1415 by D. Henrique. He describes the preparation of the trip, departing from Lisbon, the dreaded Cape of Good Hope and entering the Indian Ocean. In the Indian Ocean, Gama managed to capture the best and most famous Arab pilot of his time – and thanks to his knowledge they use the trade winds to India. Upon arriving in Calicut, the commercial center of great importance and wealth. It was the dawn of the European “imperialism” in Asia that lasted for centuries and which effects we still experience today.

 

a-viagem-do-descobrimentonaufragos-e-degredadosA Viagem do Descobrimento: a Verdadeira história da expedição de Cabral  & Naúfragos, Traficantes e Degredados by Eduardo Bueno – a new view of the discovery of Brazil and first years of colonization.

 

 

alvaroNaufrágios e Comentários by Alvar Nunes Cabeza de Vaca – In 1540 Cabeza de Vaca was appointed Adelantado of the Río de la Plata in South America. His mission was to re-establish the settlement of Buenos Aires in present-day Argentina. En route, he disembarked from his fleet at Santa Catarina Island in modern Brazil. With an indigenous force, 250 musketeers and 26 horses, he followed native trails discovered by Aleixo Garcia overland to the district’s Spanish capital, Asunción, far inland on the great Paraguay River. Cabeza de Vaca is thought to have been the first European to see the Iguaçu Falls.