Canela-preta (Ocotea catharinensis) also known as Canela-sebo is a species of plant in the Lauraceae family. An Atlantic rainforest species, it is endemic to Eastern Brazil, its range extending southward from Minas Gerais to Rio Grande do Sul. It is threatened by habitat loss due to its excessive harvesting for both timber and essential oil (linalool). A honey-bearing tree, its fruits are also sought by birds and mammals, including the endangered Muriqui monkey. Its diameter is approximately 1 meter and 15 meters tall and can reach ages over 300 years since it has very slow growth in the forest. It is also attributed to its bark, medicinal properties. The bark has a pleasant smell and resin. The leaves are dark green, alternate and lanceolate average size 10 cm, forming dense canopies.
The high extraction of this species because of its timber was included by the Ministry of Environment in the official list of species of endangered flora.
Wood is resistant to moisture and organisms; in contact with the ground, it has moderate natural durability. Hardwood with difficult permeability for penetration of products. Workability: Easy to saw wood, planing, and sanding, and finishing with good to very good. It takes a good polish, making it attractive when polished.
The wood of the Canela-Preta is known for having resistance values of shrinkage and can be used in cabinetry (indoor and outdoor), home construction, beams, parquet, furniture, floors, rolling, panels, plywood, sleepers, fence posts, and boatbuilding.