Ipê-Roxo (Tabebuia heptaphylla) has many popular names such as Ipê-roxo-da-mata, Ipê-una, Pau D’arco, Caboré, Guaraíba, Ipê-de-flor-roxa, Ipê-piranga, Ipê-preto, Ipê-rosa, Ipê-roxo-anão, Ipê-uva, Pau-d’arco-rosa, Pau-d’arco-roxo, Peúva and Piúva. There are several types of Ipe, which can be distinguished by the leaves. The name Ipe comes from the Tupi-Guarani language and means “tree with rough bark” and Tabebuia is “a stick that floats”.
It measures between 8 and 30 m and found in the Atlantic Forest. It is an endangered species because of high demand for its bark, which is regarded by medicine as anticancer, anti-rheumatic and antianemics. The wood is very heavy, waterproof, resistant to wood decay organisms and very hard to cut. Its wood has great durability and is widely used in construction, interior finishes, sport articles, such as bowling balls and bowls, tool handles and agricultural implements, structures, railway sleepers, cross arms, frames, paneling, turned parts, poles and planks for floors, cars, bodies, and musical instruments, stairs, bows and arrows.