Piquiá or Pequiá (Caryocar villosum) with other common names: Ameixa-do-peru, Amêndoa-de-espinho, Amêndoa-do-brasil, Amêndoa-do-peru, Grão-de-cavalo, Pequiá-branco, Pequiá-bravo, Pequiá-etê, Pequiarana, Pequiarana-da-terra, Pequiá-verdadeiro, Pequiá-vermelho, Pequirana, Pequi-rosa, Pequi-roxo, Petiá, Piqui, Piquiá-bravo, Piquiá-etê, Piquiarana, Piquiarana-da-terra, Piquiá-verdadeiro, Piqui-rosa, Ruamahi, Suari, Uaicá, Vinagreiro,
Piquiá is a typical tree of the Amazon and Atlantic Forest in North Brazil, with fruit and wood-like Pequi. Piquiá differs from Pequi in several aspects minly in the tree size and timber. Like Pequi, the name Piquiá derives from the Tupi “py” means spine and “ki” means fruit. This is due to the common characteristic of the fruit, which has the pulp in a thick layer of small, sharp spikes, under which is an edible nut same as Pequi fruit.
Piquiá reaches heights of 40 m and width of 180 cm. There are references to books with more than 50 meters high and 5 m in diameter Being heavy, wood of Piquiá can be used for interior trim, windows, turned parts, ladders, golf clubs and planks for floors, musical instruments, tool handles, sleepers, etc.. The timber has use in various functions, such as sleepers, rafters, posts, poles. It is highly resistant to fungi and termites therefore Piquiá wood is widely used in building boats and houses.