Itaúba (Mezilaurus itauba) also known by the names of Itaúba-amarela, Itaúba-abacate, Itaúba-preta e Louro-Itaúba and Nhambiquara. A large tree reaching 40 m high and 80 cm in diameter, very common in the Amazon region; it is always found in poor soils, siliceous or siliceous clay. It has a reddish bark.

The wood has no designs, with medium texture, low gloss and regular grain, smooth when freshly cut. It smells nice and spicy taste, but little discernible when dry. The wood is heavy and hard, with high mechanical strength and low shrinkage. High natural resistance to decay and insect attack. The air drying is slow and difficult, but without causing a high incidence of defects. Moderately difficult to work with both hand tools and machinery due to the presence of silica, but provides a good finish. Used outdoor such as bridge structures, poles, fence posts, railway sleepers, cross arms, fenders, piles, beams, frames or door frames and windows, parquet and wooden floor, common furniture, shipbuilding, ships, car bodies, cooperage, turned parts, cables, tools, and agricultural implements.