The Seringueira (Hevea brasiliensis), is the most economically important member of the genus Hevea. Other names: Seringa, Seringa-verdadeira, Arvore-da-borracha, Seringueira-preta, Seringueira-branca. The Seringueira initially grew only in the Amazon Rainforest. Increasing demand and the discovery of the vulcanization procedure in 1839 led to the rubber boom. It is of major economic importance because its sap-like extract (known as latex) can be collected and is the primary source of natural rubber. In the wilderness, the tree can reach a height of up to 144 feet (44 m). In plantations, the trees are kept smaller, up to 78 feet (24 m) tall, so as to use most of the available carbon dioxide for latex production. The Seringueira requires a climate with heavy rainfall and without frost.

The wood from Seringueiras, referred to as Parawood or Rubberwood, is used in the manufacture of furniture. It is valued for its dense grain, minimal shrinkage, attractive color and acceptance of different finishes.