Cacau is the fruit from Cacaueiro (Theobroma cacao) tree, a 4–8 m tall evergreen tree in the family Sterculiaceae (alternatively Malvaceae), originated in the Amazon. The scientific name Theobroma means “food of the gods”. It requires a humid climate with regular rainfall and good soil. It is an shadowed tree, growing best with some overhead shade.
About 95% of the Cacau production in Brazil is in the south of Bahia. Most of the cacau is used for the production of chocolate.