Guanandi or Jacareúba

Guanandi or Jacareúba (Calophyllum brasiliense) also as Casca-d’anta, Cedro-do-pântano, Cedro-do-mangue, Galandim, Guanambi, Guanambi-carvalho, Guanambi-cedro, Guanambi-landim, Guanambi-de-leite, Guanambi-vermelho, Golandim, Guanandi-amarelo, Guanandi-do-brejo, Guanandi-carvalho, Guanandi-cedro, Guanandi-da-praia, Guanandi-jaca, Guanandi-landim, Guanandi-landium, Guanandi-lombriga, Guanandi-piolho, Guanandi-poca, Guanandirana, Guanandi-rosa, Guanandi-vermelho, Guanantim, Gulande, Gulande-carvalho, Gulandi, Gulandi-carvalho, Gulandin, Gulandium, Gulanvin-carvalho, Iarairandira, Inglês, Irá-iandi, Jacareaba, Jacareíba, Jacareúba-guanadilandium, Jacareúba-guanani, Jacariúba, Jacurandi, Landi, Landi-carvalho, Landi-do-brejo, Landi-jacareíba, Landim, Landim-do-brejo, Landim-jacareúba, Landinho, Landium, Landium-do-brejo, Landium-jacareíba, Lantim, Maria, Oanandi, Oanandim, Olandi, Olandi-carvalho, Olandim, Olando-carvalho, Pau-de-azeite, Pau-de-maria, Pau-de-santa-maria, Pau-sândalo, Pindaíba, Pindaíva, Santa-maria.

The word “Guanandi” comes from the Tupy (Brazilian indigenous) language, which means “soap that glues”, in the function of the yellow latex.

Plant as old as Brazil. In other countries replaces the mahogany and cedar. Wood pulp for fine paper. The bark and latex are used in medicine and veterinary medicine. Tea leaves and bark are used in diabetes, rheumatism, tumors, and chronic ulcers. Ornamental plant, bee, and environmental reforestation, much sought after by wildlife. Goes well with dry soil, but is more resistant plants native to humid and soggy. It’s the 1st Brazilian hardwood of the regulated by an Act on 7 January 1835, when the imperial Portuguese government reserved for the state’s monopoly the exploitation of the wood.

It is a 20–50 m tall tree, with a trunk up to 1.8 m diameter. It is very common all over Brazil from the Amazon, Atlantic Forest, and Cerrado biomes. Used in construction beams, boards, heavy construction; fine furniture, car bodies, carpentry, sleepers, fence posts, stakes, poles, sheet, and foil decorative veneers. Also used to make canoes, masts of ships, the structure of the wooden boats.